Thursday, 25 June 2015

Primitive Money in India

                              Marudhar Arts

Long Before Credit cards, cheques and paper currency came into existence, with the advent of civilization, man felt the need after the invention of fire and the wheel that there had to be a universal form of currency that had to be exchanged between the buyer and the seller which endorsed trade and commerce. The sense of possession one developed before trading the commodity and who gave the prerogative of ownership is not very lucid, but these exchanges eventually led to an acceptable form of prevalence which was deemed fine to all the parties concerned, be it the buyer or the seller or the intermediary involved. There were different kinds of commodities that were exchanged which often resulted in acrimony amidst the concerned parties sometimes, with one party feeling more often than not, he/she has been hoodwinked and swindled.


a)Copper Bead - Primitive Money - Depicted here are two heads of a bull joined in unison along with a hole for suspension, A Sacrosanct Shaivite relic of art of an archaic period from the river bed of Purna River near Achalapur.

b)Metal Beads of Makara Shape with suspension hole (600 bc) - Primarily used as an adornment/embellishment and perhaps used for barter as primitive money.
c)Animal Bone Bead - A Bone bead of animal insignia perhaps used for barter purposes as primitive money.
Apart from these there are also primitive animal beads in the forms of birds, tortoises and various other forms


a)Primitive Money - A Stone bead with double portrait with a suspension hole, made somewhere around 600 BC.Used as an embellishment and adorment,could be perhaps used as primitive money.


a)Various shapes and sizes  of copper beads are extracted from the riverbed of Purna River near Achalpur

Weight - 1.3 gram * 2 no's , 0.75 gram , 6.30 gram
Dimension - 10.08 * 5.66 mm, 10.15 * 4.90 mm , 14.82 mm * 6.64 mm, 18.80 * 7.83 mm,In Impeccable condition and very fine quality.


a) Primitive Money, Post Gupta Sealing - 600 AD ,Gupta Brahmi Legend in the Center in an oval reading ,Jayakula
Weight : 2.05 grams
Dimension :  22. 52 mm
Immaculate Condition, extremely fine condition and very scarce/rare.


a)Primitive Money,Makara Bead - Made of soft stone from Ujjaini region around 600 BC

Obverse of the Bead : Profiled Bust facing with circular symbols
Reverse : Circular Symbols
Used as an embellishment/adornment. Perhaps also used for primitive money
Net Weight : 3.4 gram
Dimensions : 22.51 gram
Flawless Condition and Extremely Rare.

By Analyzing and Scrutinizing these opulent specimens of our rich heritage we can only marvel at the dexterity of the craftsmanship and the detailing that has gone through in making each one of them. It also shows the perception of people at that point of time and on what lines they were thinking. These memorable artefacts were also not clearly polished and that can be conspicuous from their rough edges and crude silhouette.

Marudhar Arts is conducting an exclusive auction where Beads of the primitive money are manifested for the exclusive perusal of our esteemed patrons.

To Know More About Primitive Indian Money and their respective beeds,please liaise with us on 080-65329800/mail us at